Николай Подосокорский (philologist) wrote,
Николай Подосокорский

Образ дьявола в искусстве. Часть II

Из книги: Philip C. Almond. The Devil: A New Biography. - JCS Publishing Services Ltd, 2014. - 288 p.

См. также: Образ дьявола в искусстве. Часть I

The three archangels drive Lucifer from heaven into hell. The Three Archangels by Marco d’Oggiono (sixteenth century).

Adam and Eve are tempted by Satan in the form of a four-legged virgin-headed serpent. The Fall of Man and the Lamentation by Hugo van der Goes (1470–5).

The angel of the Lord, described as a ‘satan’ (‘adversary’), is called out by God to stop Balaam from cursing the people of Israel. ‘Balaam and the Angel’ from The Mirror of Human Salvation (fifteenth century).

Job, covered in boils, is assailed by God’s emissary the Satan. ‘Job and the Devil’ from The Mirror of Human Salvation (fifteenth century)

Christ is tempted by the Devil. ‘The Temptation of Christ’ from The Mirror of Human Salvation (fifteenth century).

Demons delighting in tempting Saint Anthony in the desert. The Temptation of St Anthony of Egypt by Hieronymus Bosch (1450–1515).

The Devil presents Saint Augustine with the Book of Vices. St Augustine and the Devil by Michael Pacher (c.1480).

The Angel, holding the keys of hell, enchains the Devil in the shape of a dragon who is then bound in the pit. ‘The Angel Enchains the Devil’ from a commentary on the book of Revelation by Beatus of Liebana (c.776).

Christ harrows hell between his death and resurrection, rescuing those held captive. ‘Christ Harrows Hell’ from a northern English manuscript (fifteenth century).

At the request of Saint Peter, the demons enabling Simon Magus to fly allow him to fall to his death. The Fall of Simon Magus by Lorenzo Lotto (fifteenth century).

In the top panel, Theophilus makes the first written pact with the Devil. In the second panel, regretting his deal with the Devil, Theophilus begs the Virgin Mary to intercede with God on his behalf. ‘Theophilus and the Devil’ from the Ingeborg Psalter (twelfth century).

Faust makes a circle in the dust with a wand. Then he begins to call on Mephostophiles the spirit, and to charge him in the name of Beelzebub to appear there. ‘Dr Faustus in a Magic Circle’ from The Historie of the Damnable Life and Deserved Death of Doctor John Faustus (1648).

The Devil attempts to seize a magician who has formed a pact with him but is prevented by a monk. ‘The Devil and the Magician’ from Chroniques de Saint-Denis (thirteenth century).

The Devil appears as the sin of vanity. The lady looks in the mirror but all she sees is Vanity’s backside. ‘The Devil and the Coquette’ from Der Ritter von Turm (1493).

A witch rides backwards on a goat. While referencing the canon Episcopi in which women ride on beasts at night with the goddess Diana, it invokes the tradition of witches flying to the Sabbath. Witch Riding a Goat by Albrecht Dürer (c.1500–1).

Witches gather at the Sabbath to worship the Devil depicted as a goat. The witch is about to kiss the goat’s backside. ‘The Witches’ Sabbath at Vaudois’ from The Book of Occult Sciences (fifteenth century).

The ritual kiss of the Devil’s backside. ‘The Infamous Kiss’ from Francesco Guazzo’s Compendium Maleficarum (1626).

The Devil explains his terms to the novice witches in the Compendium Maleficarum. ‘The Devil Demands a Pact’ from Francesco Guazzo’s Compendium Maleficarum (1626)

The Antichrist with Christ-like features preaches. But it is Satan, whispering in his ear, who tells him what to say. Preaching of the Antichrist by Luca Signorelli (1499–1504).

The Antichrist supported by demons at the top is attacked by an angel. In the centre left, the Antichrist beguiles his listeners while the Devil whispers in his ear. ‘The Reign of Antichrist’ from the Liber Chronicarum (1493).

The Antichrist with three heads that represent the Pope (wearing the triple tiara), the Turk wearing the turban, and the Jew. ‘The Three-headed Antichrist’ (seventeenth century).

The angel and the demon weigh the good and the evil in the balance. ‘The Last Judgement’ by the Master of Soriguela (late thirteenth century).

One of the damned riding on a demon on the way to hell. The Damned Taken to Hell by Luca Signorelli (1499–1502).

The damned are tormented by demons in the mansions of hell. ‘Vision of Hell’ from Vincent of Beauvais’s Miroir Historial (fifteenth century).

Satan, tortured by demons in the fires of hell, presides over the punishments of the damned. ‘Satan Confined to Hell’ from Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (fifteenth century).

William Hogarth’s 1762 portrayal of witches and demons as the stuff of superstition. Credulity, Superstition and Fanaticism by William Hogarth (1762)

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Tags: антихрист, демонология, искусство

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